SHAPHAN (Heb. ןָפָש; "rock badger, hyrax, coney"), son of Azaliah, Josiah's scribe and the head of one of the most influential and pro-Babylonian families in the last days of Judah (II Kings 22:3). Shaphan was one of the messengers sent by the king to the prophetess Huldah concerning the finding of the new book in the Temple (II Kings 22:14; see deuteronomy ). Later, his sons were supporters of the prophet Jeremiah. One of them, ahikam , used his influence to save jeremiah from death when the latter prophesied the destruction of Jerusalem (Jer. 26:24). A second son, elasah , one of the men sent to Babylon by Zedekiah, took Jeremiah's letter to the elders in exile (Jer. 29:3). Mention is made of two or more sons of Shaphan, jaazaniah and gemariah . Jaazaniah is only mentioned among the elders in Jerusalem seen by Ezekiel in a vision in Ezekiel 8:11. The information about Gemariah is more definite. It was in his chamber at the Temple gate that the scribe Baruch read Jeremiah's scroll "to the people" in the reign of Jehoiakim (Jer. 36:10ff.). Shaphan's son Micaiah was present, but he himself was sitting with other officials in conference. Apprised by Micaiah, they warned Baruch to go into hiding with Jeremiah, and they later pleaded with the king not to burn the scroll. The family's sympathy with the prophet was further evidenced by the fact that Jeremiah was put under the guardianship of Shaphan's grandson, Ahikam's son gedaliah , who was appointed governor of Judah by the Neo-Babylonian captors of Jerusalem (Jer. 39:14; 40:5). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Yeivin, in: Tarbiz, 12 (1941), 255ff. (Yuval Kamrat)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Shaphan — is a scribe mentioned in the Old Testament (II Kings 22:8 10). When the chief Temple priest Hilkiah discovers an ancient Torah scroll, he gives it to the scribe Shaphan, who in turn brings in to King Josiah. Josiah reads it aloud to a crowd in… …   Wikipedia

  • Shaphan — Served in the court of King Josiah (2 Kgs. 22:3–20); and when the law book, thought by many scholars to be part of Deuteronomy, was discovered in the Temple, he gave the news to the king and was dispatched to consult the prophetess Huldah.… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Shaphan —    A coney, a scribe or secretary of king Josiah (2 Kings 22:3 7). He consulted Huldah concerning the newly discovered copy of the law which was delivered to him by Hilkiah the priest (8 14). His grandson Gedaliah was governor of Judea (25:22) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • 2 Kings 22 — 1 Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned thirty and one years in Jerusalem. And his mother s name was Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath. 2 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, and walked in …   The King James version of the Bible

  • 2 Chronicles 34 — 1 Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem one and thirty years. 2 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the ways of David his father, and declined neither to the right hand …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Huldah — was a prophetess mentioned briefly in II Kings, Chapter 22, and Books of Chronicles 2, Chapter 34. She is approached by Hilkiah together with Ahikam, Acbor, Shaphan and Asaiah to give the Lord s opinion after a book of the Law is rediscovered.… …   Wikipedia

  • Hyrax — Taxobox name = Hyraxes fossil range = Early Eocene Recent image width = 200px image caption = Heterohyrax brucei regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia infraclassis = Eutheria superordo = Afrotheria ordo = Hyracoidea ordo… …   Wikipedia

  • Jeremiah 36 — 1 And it came to pass in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that this word came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, 2 Take thee a roll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken unto thee against… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Jeremiah 40 — 1 The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, after that Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had let him go from Ramah, when he had taken him being bound in chains among all that were carried away captive of Jerusalem and Judah, which were… …   The King James version of the Bible

  • GEMARIAH — (Heb. גְּמַרְיָהוּ, גְּמַרְיָה; Yahu has accomplished ), two biblical figures. (1) Gemariah son of Hilkiah was one of Zedekiah s emissaries to Nebuchadnezzar, who brought the letter written by Jeremiah to the elders in exile (Jer. 29:3). He is… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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